Five Common Gynecological Issues Women Can Experience

A woman’s body undergoes several changes throughout life. Because of this, it’s not surprising for women to experience gynecological problems occasionally. But they can always turn to doctors like Dr. Frederic A Melius for help. The following are common gynecological issues women may go through:

Irregular Bleeding

On average, menstrual periods last around 5 days and a woman can lose about 4 ounces of blood. But a lot of women experience heavy bleeding during their menstrual period and followed by days of lighter flows. Heavy bleeding may be normal for some women as long as it remains within the normal range. However, some women tend to bleed heavily for days, along with cramping and clots. If you are one of these women, you should schedule a visit to your gynecologist. Your doctor may prescribe medication or recommend surgery to address heavy bleeding. 

Vaginal Yeast Infections

A vaginal yeast infection causes vaginal irritation. It occurs when yeast cells in the vagina overgrow. Factors related to yeast infections include pregnancy, antibiotics, oral contraceptives, and uncontrolled diabetes. Other factors include topical antimicrobial agents, perfumed feminine sprays, and poorly ventilated underwear or clothing. Thankfully, prescription or over-the-counter medications can treat the majority of yeast infections. 


During every menstrual period, a woman discharges menstrual fluid called endometrium, which can grow inside or outside the uterus. During the period, this endometrial tissue can break apart and bleed. Unfortunately, as blood from the tissue has nowhere to go, it can cause swelling and inflammation to the surrounding tissue. And when such inflammation leads to the production of scar tissue, lesions may develop. Typically, doctors treat mild cases of endometriosis with just pain medication.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

This disease impacts the upper genitourinary system and can have significant effects on the ability of a woman to bear a child. Those who are menstruating, not using birth control, and are sexually active are at risk of developing this condition. Potential symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease include headaches, fever, pain during sexual intercourse, fatigue, or excessive vaginal bleeding. 

Uterine Fibroids

These muscle nodule form within the uterus wall. While they are not cancerous, they can cause painful or excessive bleeding during menstrual periods, infertility, or frequent urination. Hysterectomy used to be the only treatment for uterine fibroids. But doctors discovered that intervention may not be necessary for fibroids. Often, patients who have bothersome cases can be prescribed anti-inflammatory medications.